Here are the passages from the Fountainhead.
asked Jun 13 '15 at 22:58
The scene excerpted in the question (from Part Three, Chapter 1) is one of many that Ayn Rand uses to concretize Gail Wynand's fundamental outlook on life and how it evolved in him. At first glance, Wynand represents a type of man who learns at a young age to be a fighter, to dominate others who likewise seek domination and power, or end up dominated by them ("do unto others before they do unto you"). Such a man logically but wrongly regards it as weakness to reveal one's true soul to others; such a man believes he must hold his deepest self strictly inside and never show anything but strength and determination outwardly. He believes he must be strong -- be a survivor and master of those seeking to enslave him, not some whimpy slave of those others.
But Wynand is also characterized as someone of unusual prowess and ability, who wasn't "born to be a second-hander," as Howard Roark tells him in Part Four, Chapter 11. The philosophical essence of that scene in Part Four is excerpted by Ayn Rand in her book, For the New Intellectual, under the title, "The Nature of the Second-Hander." The scene is between Roak and Wynand, with Roark finally understanding the nature of second-handers, and with Wynand very interested in that issue, as well. Wynand almost identifies himself as a type of second-hander -- though of a very different kind than Peter Keating or Ellsworth Toohey or any of the others. The scene concludes:
[Roark says to Wynand] "you weren't born to be a second-hander." ... [Roark] thought: I haven't mentioned to him the worst second-hander of all -- the man who goes after power.
In the scene in Part Three, Ayn Rand plants some important hints of Wynand's basic outlook on self and soul:
The scene between Wynand and Roark in Part Four, Chapter 11, reveals far more of the essence of Wynand, in contrast to (but reinforcing) what Roark had been learning about second-handers in general.
In the Cliffs Notes book on The Fountainhead, Andrew Bernstein describes Wynand as follows (p. 20):
Powerful publisher of vulgar tabloids. Wynand combines a mixture of independent and dependent methods of functioning. In his personal life he lives by his own judgment, but he panders shamelessly to the masses in his career. He is Roark's closest friend, yet the way he has sold his own principles to gain power is in sharp contrast to Roark's integrity. Wynand's life shows that it is impossible to attain happiness by embodying mutually exclusive premises.
answered Jun 14 '15 at 03:50
Ideas for Life ♦